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Richard P Steeds, Richard Wheeler, Sanjeev Bhattacharyya, Joseph Reiken, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, Roxy Senior, Mark J Monaghan, and Vishal Sharma

Introduction Stress echocardiography (SE) is a well-established non-invasive technique that is most often used in the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). A recent survey by Bhattacharyya et al . highlights important themes that

Open access

Jamal N Khan, Timothy Griffiths, Tamseel Fatima, Leah Michael, Andreea Mihai, Zeeshan Mustafa, Kully Sandhu, Robert Butler, Simon Duckett, and Grant Heatlie

no published data on PLSEs. We sought to assess the feasibility, safety and robustness of PLSE for exercise and dobutamine stress echocardiography in the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD) in real-life practice, and compare these measures

Open access

Nicola Gaibazzi, Filippo Pigazzani, Claudio Reverberi, and Thomas R Porter

Introduction Noninvasive identification of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) remains a clinical challenge despite the widespread use, and possible overuse, of imaging and provocative testing; more than 50% of patients currently

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Apostolos Vrettos, David Dawson, Chrysanthos Grigoratos, and Petros Nihoyannopoulos

Introduction Percutaneous coronary intervention with TAXUS and cardiac surgery known as SYNTAX score (SS) is an angiographic tool used to determine the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients undergoing coronary angiography. Two

Open access

Maria Pia Donataccio, Claudio Reverberi, and Nicola Gaibazzi

Background The combination of myocardial perfusion (MP) imaging and dipyridamole or dobutamine real-time contrast echocardiography improves the sensitivity to detect coronary artery disease (CAD), particularly multivessel CAD. Patients with diffused

Open access

Adrian Chenzbraun

Introduction Introduced in the 1970s (1) , stress echocardiography (SE) is presently a main diagnostic functional test for individuals with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) (2) , (3) . It is defined as the conjoint use of 2D

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Theodoros Ntoskas, Farhanda Ahmad, and Paul Woodmansey

ventricle systolic dysfunction; M, male; MDT, multidisciplinary team; NSTEMI, non-ST elevation myocardial infarction; RCA, right coronary artery; VD, coronary vessel disease. The clear majority (231) of the patients who had a negative DSE for

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Victoria Pettemerides, Thomas Turner, Conor Steele, and Anita Macnab

recommended by the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) as the initial investigation for patients presenting with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) and an intermediate pre-test probability (PTP). As a result, functional imaging modalities

Open access

Thomas Sturmberger, Johannes Niel, Josef Aichinger, and Christian Ebner

clinical presentation, ECG changes, elevated cardiac enzymes, and lack of coronary artery disease. Focal myocarditis can mimic acute coronary syndromes, and therefore, invasive coronary angiography is frequently performed in this clinical setting. The

Open access

Ying X Gue, Sanjay S Bhandari, and Mubarak Ahamed

-LAD disease (arrow). Figure 5 Left ventriculogram showing basal/mid-cavity ballooning. Treatment and outcome No coronary intervention was required for the patient. Based on the echo and LV gram finding, she was initiated on heart