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Antigoni Deri and Kate English

Introduction Congenital heart disease affects 8–12 infants per 1000 live births ( 1 ). In the United Kingdom, we perform around 10,000 surgical and interventional procedures for congenital heart defects every year. Congenital heart lesions are

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R Bedair and X Iriart

Introduction Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is the most common cyanotic heart defect affecting 3 per 10,000 live births ( 1 , 2 , 3 ). The four hallmark features of the malformation ( Fig. 1 ) are subpulmonary (and pulmonary) stenosis

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Nuno Pires, Wei Li, Roxy Senior, and Rajdeep S Khattar

Background Due to its common association with other congenital heart defects, DOMV is usually discovered in childhood or early adolescence ( 1 ). This case highlights the possibility of detecting congenital mitral valve anomalies, not only in

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Alfonso Pecoraro, Jacques Janson, and Jacob Daniel Cilliers

an AVSD with a divided left atrium or cor triatriatum sinister ( 1 ). Echocardiography plays an integral part in the diagnosis of complex congenital heart disease. A systematic approach to performing echocardiography in patients known with

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John M Simpson and Annemien van den Bosch

automation to a wide spectrum of congenital heart defects. In a research setting, individual patient valves can be modeled to produce a ‘patient-specific’ view of abnormal valves ( Fig. 5 ). Patients with CHD are prone to endocarditis and 3D echocardiography

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Lindsey E Hunter and Anna N Seale

with no identifiable risk factors for congenital heart disease (CHD). Data from the mid-to-late 20th century published by the World Health Organisation indicated that heart defects accounted for approximately 40% of infant deaths attributable to

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Alexandra Savis and John Simpson

Introduction Atrial septal defects (ASDs) are the third most common congenital heart disease, comprising 6–10% of congenital heart defects ( 1 ). Device closure has become the treatment of choice for closing ASDs ( 1 , 2 ) with approximately

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Hannah Bellsham-Revell and Navroz Masani

Introduction Echocardiography has an essential role in the assessment of cardiac morphology in children and adults with suspected or confirmed congenital heart disease. Whilst knowledge and understanding of cardiac morphology is a fundamental

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Umut Kocabas, Esra Kaya, and Cahide Soydas Cinar

. Download Video 2 PLSVC, HCM and ASD are common congenital heart diseases; however, they are rarely observed together. The risk of arrhythmia and sudden cardiac death is increased in HCM ( 1 ). An implantable cardioverter defibrillator is the only therapy

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Kathryn Rice and John Simpson

. 5 and Video 8 . This abnormality is characterised by a single fibrous annulus with two orifices that open into the left ventricle. DOMV forms around 1% of congenital heart disease and is predominantly associated with other cardiac defects (31