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Ashley Miller and Justin Mandeville

volume. Increased pressure in the left atrium and pulmonary vasculature may then result in excessive capillary engorgement, resulting in pulmonary oedema. In clinical practice, a fluid responder is generally defined as someone who increases

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Sitara G Khan, Dimitris Klettas, Stam Kapetanakis, and Mark J Monaghan

had an incremental value over clinical variables and QRS width for identifying CRT responders ( 21 ). In addition, their absence or unsuccessful correction was associated with a high risk for non-response and unfavourable long-term survival. Using an

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Camelia Demetrescu, Shelley Rahman Haley, and Aigul Baltabaeva

reduction in the LVOT obstruction ( 9 ). This response was associated with a trend toward increased exertional capacity and functional class, fewer complications and a more physiological profile of LV structure and function. In our clinical case, the

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Abbas Zaidi, Daniel S Knight, Daniel X Augustine, Allan Harkness, David Oxborough, Keith Pearce, Liam Ring, Shaun Robinson, Martin Stout, James Willis, Vishal Sharma, and the Education Committee of the British Society of Echocardiography

of the utility of RV diastolic function assessment in diagnosis, prognostication, and in monitoring therapeutic response, in a broad range of clinical conditions. Table 1 Clinical utility of RV diastolic function assessment. Author

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Manasawee Indrabhinduwat, Maria C Arciniegas Calle, Joseph P Colgan, and Hector R Villarraga

diagnosis is required to confirm diagnosis and begin treatment ( 9 ). The European Society of Medical Oncology (ESMO) Clinical Practice Guidelines 2015 for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) ( 10 ) recommends

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Cheuk-Man Yu

Opportunities Clinical values of quantitative echocardiography Traditionally, measurement of EF is the bread and butter of echo and is being one of the most widely accepted methods ( 1 ). However, there is a large variation of EF values by

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Caroline Schneider, Lynsey Forsythe, John Somauroo, Keith George, and David Oxborough

Introduction Left ventricular (LV) function is complex and dependent on inherent intrinsic contractility/relaxation as well as preload and afterload ( 1 ). The assessment of LV function using echocardiography is often required in the clinical

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Jalal Asadi, Sanjay S Bhandari, and Nauman Ahmed

various inflammatory mediators such as TNF-a and IL1 and IL6 ( 1 ). This augments the immune response and leads to further myocyte damage. In certain cases, the inflammatory cascade can persist and the disease progresses into a chronic phase. This can

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Adrian Chenzbraun

benefit observed in patients who are not able to exercise or whose exercise ECG response is non-diagnostic (2) . However, the echocardiographic information available during SE goes far beyond wall motion if flow and tissue Doppler protocols are also used

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Toby C Thomas and Claire L Colebourn

-quality healthcare is a hard task master. It requires us to define and regulate every stage of clinical processes through a continuous cycle of reflection and correction. Audit is a key example of cyclical reflective practice, and it was identified by Lord Francis in