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Stephan Stoebe, Michael Metze, Daniel Jurisch, Bhupendar Tayal, Kilian Solty, Ulrich Laufs, Dietrich Pfeiffer, and Andreas Hagendorff

assessment of LV volumes, SV tot , SV eff to calculate RVol and RF by the volumetric approach is currently proposed as an alternative approach for AR quantification and can be performed by 2D, 3D echocardiography and cardiac magnet resonance imaging (cMRI

Open access

Stephan Stoebe, Dietrich Pfeiffer, and Andreas Hagendorff

interventricular sulcus, which is relatively close to the chest wall. Owing to these anatomical circumstances, the distal part of the LAD can be well detected by conventional 2D transthoracic colour-coded Doppler echocardiography in almost all cases ( 1 , 2 , 3

Open access

Stephan Stoebe, Katharina Lange, Dietrich Pfeiffer, and Andreas Hagendorff

with coronary artery disease, specific parts of native coronary artery branches can also be visualised directly by transthoracic echocardiography. Furthermore, specific vessel parts can be visualised by colour-coded flow signals using 2D and 3D colour

Open access

Viren Ahluwalia, Faizel Osman, Jitendra Parmar, and Jamal Nasir Khan

recommended by the European Association of Echocardiography as the initial, first-line investigation because of its non-invasive nature. Current clinical practice typically involves performing TOE with 2DE over 3DE. Whilst 2D-TOE produces higher quality

Open access

C Bleakley, M Eskandari, O Aldalati, K Moschonas, M Huang, A Whittaker, and M J Monaghan

compliance and coexisting valve disease and must therefore be interpreted in the context of potential confounders. Given these inherent issues with 2D, the use of 3D echocardiography is becoming more established. 3D TTE offers an adjustable dataset that can

Open access

Madalina Garbi and Mark J Monaghan

-mode, continued with two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography and now achieves a very detailed electronic dissection of the mitral valve anatomy and motion with 3D echocardiography ( 3 , 4 , 9 ). Echocardiography offers not only live images of the beating heart for

Open access

Caroline Bleakley, Mehdi Eskandari, and Mark Monaghan

does the future hold? As for the future of 3D echocardiography in interventional valve therapy, it is likely that automated platforms will supersede the current dependence on manual outlining of the annular dimensions. A promising version of

Open access

Ellen Ostenfeld and Frank A Flachskampf

) , (19) , without necessitating a desmosomal abnormality. Both 3D echocardiography and MRI seem to offer better discrimination, in particular using RV ejection fraction impairment in addition to absolute volume cut-offs (20) , (21) . 3D echocardiography

Open access

Adrienn Tarr, Stephan Stoebe, Jan Tuennemann, Zsuzsanna Baka, Dietrich Pfeiffer, Albert Varga, and Andreas Hagendorff

-induced myocardial damage can be avoided. The aim of the present study was to find out whether early cardiac changes in patients receiving chemotherapy can be detected by the conventional and deformation parameters of 2D and 3D echocardiography. It was hypothesised

Open access

Ramasamy Manivarmane, Rebecca Taylor, and Rajdeep Khattar

the pulmonary valve to the lungs and the inability to view the pulmonary valve en face. Our case report suggests that the finding of an abnormal pulmonary valve on standard transthoracic echocardiography should warrant further interrogation with 3D