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H Z R McConkey, M Ghosh-Dastidar, S R Redwood, and V Bapat

-atrial masses Video 1 Colour Doppler across the patent foramen ovale. View Video 1 at http://movie-usa.glencoesoftware.com/video/10.1530/ERP-17-0027/video-1 . Download Video 1 Video 2 Intracardiac mass straddling the septal defect. View

Open access

Sergio Barros-Gomes, Abdallah El Sabbagh, Mackram F Eleid, and Sunil V Mankad

patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a rare but potentially fatal combination ( 1 , 2 , 3 ). Early detection of this clinical entity can facilitate delivery of targeted therapies and avoid poor outcome ( 1 , 2 ). Here, we describe a 68-year-old female with

Open access

Trisha Singh, Jonathan Hinton, Rosie Swallow, James Kersey, and Charles Hillier

cycles ( Fig. 1 and Video 1 ) with Valsalva. Trans-oesophageal echocardiogram (TOE) demonstrated a small patent foramen ovale (PFO) ( Fig. 2 ), which was thought to be an incidental finding because of the delay in appearance of bubbles in the left heart

Open access

V S Ellensen, S Saeed, T Geisner, and R Haaverstad

Background Thromboembolism-in-transit across a patent foramen ovale (PFO), also referred to as impending paradoxical embolism, is a rare condition. It is most often seen in conjunction with deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism

Open access

Daniel Hammersley, Aamir Shamsi, Mohammad Murtaza Zaman, Philip Berry, and Lydia Sturridge

850 – 860 . ( https://doi.org/10.1590/s0004-27302005000500028 ) 6 Hagen PT Scholz DG Edwards WD . Incidence and size of patent foramen ovale during the first 10 decades of life: an autopsy study of 965 normal hearts. Mayo Clinic

Open access

Sahrai Saeed, Eva Gerdts, Ulrike Waje-Andreassen, Juha Sinisalo, and Jukka Putaala

atherosclerosis in the ascending aorta and aortic arch, while minor or uncertain causes are as patent foramen ovale (PFO), mitral valve prolapse, mitral annular calcification, degenerative aortic stenosis, atrial septum aneurysm, spontaneous contrast on the

Open access

Rezvanieh Salehi, Rezayat Parvizi, and Leili Pourafkari

diastole ( Video 3 ). The thrombus was entrapped in the patent foramen ovale (PFO) and extended to the left atrium, protruding into the left ventricle through the mitral valve ( Video 4 ). There was no sign of peripheral emboli. The patient underwent urgent

Open access

James Offer, Lawrence Green, Andrew R Houghton, and Jim Campbell

-venous malformations allow passage and thus opacification of the left-sided chambers (3) . Intra-cardiac shunts (atrial septal defect (ASD); ventricular septal defect (VSD); patent foramen ovale (PFO)) with right-to-left flow also result in a positive study. However

Open access

Richard Wheeler, Richard Steeds, Bushra Rana, Gill Wharton, Nicola Smith, Jane Allen, John Chambers, Richard Jones, Guy Lloyd, Kevin O'Gallagher, and Vishal Sharma

to the transducer Lipomatous hypertrophy is frequently seen in this view Mid oesophageal IAS, 40–80° (2D) The presence of a patent foramen ovale can be assessed in this view. Note the insertion of the Eustachian valve near the inferior vena

Open access

Robert M Cooper, Adeel Shahzad, James Newton, Niels Vejlstrup, Anna Axelsson, Vishal Sharma, OIiver Ormerod, and Rodney H Stables

patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure. This could be due to the altered anatomy seen in HCM. When it was possible to create space between the catheter and the septum, the ICE images were superior in detailing LV endocardium and intra-septal fusion line. TTE