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Boyang Liu, Nicola C Edwards, Simon Ray, and Richard P Steeds

Introduction Mitral regurgitation (MR) is the second most common type of valve disease requiring surgery in Europe ( 1 ). Despite a reduction in the incidence of rheumatic heart disease, the frequency of MR is increasing due to an ageing

Open access

Y Tayyareci, R Dworakowski, P Kogoj, J Reiken, C Kenny, P MacCarthy, O Wendler, and M J Monaghan

Introduction Mitral regurgitation (MR) is present in up to two-third of patients with aortic stenosis (AS) ( 1 ). It may be secondary to AS (functional) or due to intrinsic pathology of the mitral apparatus itself (organic) ( 2 ). The issue of

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Ruchika Meel, Ferande Peters, Bijoy K Khandheria, Elena Libhaber, and Mohammed Essop

Introduction Chronic mitral regurgitation (MR) results in volume overload of the left ventricle (LV) and left atrium (LA) ( 1 ). The LA compensates by increasing compliance through neurohormonal modulation and undergoing structural changes

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L D Hunter, M Monaghan, G Lloyd, A J K Pecoraro, A F Doubell, and P G Herbst

2013 14 595 – 602 . 18 Wyss CA Enseleit F Van Der Loo B Grünenfelder J Oechslin EN Jenni R. Isolated cleft in the posterior mitral valve leaflet: a congenital form of mitral regurgitation . Clinical Cardiology 2009 32 553 – 560 . ( https

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Jack Parnell, Mehak Tahir, and Benoy N Shah

demonstrating severe mitral regurgitation on colour Doppler imaging (arrows). View Video 2 at http://movie-usa.glencoesoftware.com/video/10.1530/ERP-19-0007/video-2 . Download Video 2 Video 3 Apical four-chamber view demonstrating trivial mitral

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Patrick Savage and Michael Connolly

. Subsequent transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) imaging demonstrated dual valve pathology with severe aortic incompetence and severe mitral regurgitation (MR) with preserved left ventricular function. He

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Shaun Robinson, Liam Ring, Daniel X Augustine, Sushma Rekhraj, David Oxborough, Allan Harkness, Patrizio Lancellotti, and Bushra Rana

within the LA, the VC remains an effective measure of regurgitant orifice area and therefore MR severity, with particular strength in eccentric jets. Mitral regurgitation Aetiology and mechanism Mitral regurgitation is the most common

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Mohamed Ahmed, Ashraf Roshdy, Rajan Sharma, and Nick Fletcher

reported a thickened and prolapsing anterior mitral valve leaflet with associated severe mitral regurgitation (MR). The left ventricular ejection fraction was inappropriately normal, but not hyperdynamic; although impaired when the severe MR was taken into

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Girish Dwivedi, Ganadevan Mahadevan, Donie Jimenez, Michael Frenneaux, and Richard P Steeds

15 950 – 957 . doi:10.1067/mje.2002.121534 10.1067/mje.2002.121534 15 Lancellotti P Marwick T & Pierard LA 2008 How to manage ischaemic mitral regurgitation . Heart 94 1497 – 1502 . doi:10.1136/hrt.2007.134833 10.1136/hrt.2007

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Jonathan Hinton, George Hunter, Madhava Dissanayake, and Rob Hatrick

of a pseudo-aneurysm and associated severe mitral regurgitation. Case presentation A 45-year-old male presented to the emergency department in extremis. He was diaphoretic, hypotensive and in acute respiratory distress with a marked lactic