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Richard P Steeds, Richard Wheeler, Sanjeev Bhattacharyya, Joseph Reiken, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, Roxy Senior, Mark J Monaghan, and Vishal Sharma

Introduction Stress echocardiography (SE) is a well-established non-invasive technique that is most often used in the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). A recent survey by Bhattacharyya et al . highlights important themes that

Open access

Apostolos Vrettos, David Dawson, Chrysanthos Grigoratos, and Petros Nihoyannopoulos

Introduction Percutaneous coronary intervention with TAXUS and cardiac surgery known as SYNTAX score (SS) is an angiographic tool used to determine the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients undergoing coronary angiography. Two

Open access

Nicola Gaibazzi, Filippo Pigazzani, Claudio Reverberi, and Thomas R Porter

Introduction Noninvasive identification of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) remains a clinical challenge despite the widespread use, and possible overuse, of imaging and provocative testing; more than 50% of patients currently

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Jamal N Khan, Timothy Griffiths, Tamseel Fatima, Leah Michael, Andreea Mihai, Zeeshan Mustafa, Kully Sandhu, Robert Butler, Simon Duckett, and Grant Heatlie

no published data on PLSEs. We sought to assess the feasibility, safety and robustness of PLSE for exercise and dobutamine stress echocardiography in the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD) in real-life practice, and compare these measures

Open access

Victoria Pettemerides, Thomas Turner, Conor Steele, and Anita Macnab

recommended by the National Institute of Clinical Excellence (NICE) as the initial investigation for patients presenting with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) and an intermediate pre-test probability (PTP). As a result, functional imaging modalities

Open access

Lijun Qian, Feng Xie, Di Xu, and Thomas R Porter

Introduction Suspected symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD) is a common reason for referral to an emergency department (ED) or outpatient clinic ( 1 ). Although standardized clinical risk scores utilizing EKG and biomarker data are

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Arzu Cubukcu, Ian Murray, and Simon Anderson

typical or atypical angina symptoms be referred for further investigation, in the form of functional imaging and/or coronary angiography (1) . Based on research by Pryor et al . (2) , an estimated risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) is determined

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Theodoros Ntoskas, Farhanda Ahmad, and Paul Woodmansey

Mayet J Nihoyannopoulos P. Stress echocardiography for the diagnosis and risk stratification of patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease: a critical appraisal. Supported by the British Society of Echocardiography . Heart 2005 91

Open access

Adrian Chenzbraun

Introduction Introduced in the 1970s (1) , stress echocardiography (SE) is presently a main diagnostic functional test for individuals with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) (2) , (3) . It is defined as the conjoint use of 2D

Open access

Benoy N Shah, Anita MacNab, Jane Lynch, Reinette Hampson, Roxy Senior, and Richard P Steeds

Introduction Stress echocardiography was initially employed as a non-invasive means of assessing patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) by comparing regional and global left ventricular systolic function at rest and on stress