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Open access

Stephan Stoebe, Michael Metze, Daniel Jurisch, Bhupendar Tayal, Kilian Solty, Ulrich Laufs, Dietrich Pfeiffer, and Andreas Hagendorff

assessment of LV volumes, SV tot , SV eff to calculate RVol and RF by the volumetric approach is currently proposed as an alternative approach for AR quantification and can be performed by 2D, 3D echocardiography and cardiac magnet resonance imaging (cMRI

Open access

Viren Ahluwalia, Faizel Osman, Jitendra Parmar, and Jamal Nasir Khan


Despite 3D echocardiography (3DE) acquiring significantly greater data than standard 2D echocardiography (2DE), it is underutilised in assessing cardiac anatomy and physiology. A key advantage is the ability of a single 3DE acquisition to be post-processed to generate volume-rendered 3D models and an unlimited number of multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) images. We describe the case of a highly anxious patient with life-threatening complex aortic valve endocarditis and aortic root abscess, refusing transesophageal echocardiography (TOE) under general anaesthesia with tachycardia, breathlessness and acute kidney injury precluding accurate or safe gated (computed tomography) CT, who was comprehensively assessed with a rapid 3D-TOE under sedation. This led to timely surgery and an excellent outcome for the patient.

Learning points:

  • 3DE is of greater clinical value than 2DE as it is able to post-process a single 3DE image acquisition into volume rendered 3D models, and provide an unlimited number of multiplanar reconstruction (MPR) images.

  • 3DE is highly effective in difficult cases where speed is important.

  • 3DE is superior in the planning of complex surgical cases.

Open access

C Bleakley, M Eskandari, O Aldalati, K Moschonas, M Huang, A Whittaker, and M J Monaghan

compliance and coexisting valve disease and must therefore be interpreted in the context of potential confounders. Given these inherent issues with 2D, the use of 3D echocardiography is becoming more established. 3D TTE offers an adjustable dataset that can

Open access

Stephan Stoebe, Katharina Lange, Dietrich Pfeiffer, and Andreas Hagendorff

echocardiography were subsequently visualised by 3D echocardiography. The use of 3D echocardiography requires a biplane preview. For this reason, it was always acquired after the 2D approach. The biplane preview also permits an optimised 3D acquisition of the

Open access

Ellen Ostenfeld and Frank A Flachskampf

) , (19) , without necessitating a desmosomal abnormality. Both 3D echocardiography and MRI seem to offer better discrimination, in particular using RV ejection fraction impairment in addition to absolute volume cut-offs (20) , (21) . 3D echocardiography

Open access

Peter W Wood, Patrick H Gibson, and Harald Becher

Introduction Recent advances in three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography have facilitated assessment of left ventricular (LV) volumes and ejection fraction (1) . However, delineation of the entire LV endocardium is necessary in order to obtain

Open access

Malgorzata Wamil, Sacha Bull, and James Newton

. Additionally, 3D echocardiography allows visualisation of the mitral valve from both the left atrial and the ventricular perspective and improves the ability to perform an accurate en face mitral valve planimetry by allowing positioning of the cropping lines

Open access

Richard P Steeds, Richard Wheeler, Sanjeev Bhattacharyya, Joseph Reiken, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, Roxy Senior, Mark J Monaghan, and Vishal Sharma

-supine bicycle ergometer to enable estimation throughout low-dose exercise, with abnormality defined by increased transmitral E-wave velocity, reduced A wave velocity, unchanged e’ and increased E/e’ (usually >14). 3D acquisitions in SE The use of 3D

Open access

Adrienn Tarr, Stephan Stoebe, Jan Tuennemann, Zsuzsanna Baka, Dietrich Pfeiffer, Albert Varga, and Andreas Hagendorff

-induced myocardial damage can be avoided. The aim of the present study was to find out whether early cardiac changes in patients receiving chemotherapy can be detected by the conventional and deformation parameters of 2D and 3D echocardiography. It was hypothesised

Open access

Ramasamy Manivarmane, Rebecca Taylor, and Rajdeep Khattar

each modality should be considered complementary in the diagnosis of complex cardiac conditions. Nevertheless, the ready availability of 3D echocardiography, may limit the use of the latter imaging techniques in the future. Without the benefit of 3D