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A J Fletcher, S Robinson, and B S Rana

Introduction Right atrial pressure (RAP) is a haemodynamic variable that provides important diagnostic and prognostic information in both cardiovascular and pulmonary disease patients ( 1 , 2 , 3 ). Despite its usefulness in routine clinical

Open access

Daniel X Augustine, Lindsay D Coates-Bradshaw, James Willis, Allan Harkness, Liam Ring, Julia Grapsa, Gerry Coghlan, Nikki Kaye, David Oxborough, Shaun Robinson, Julie Sandoval, Bushra S Rana, Anjana Siva, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, Luke S Howard, Kevin Fox, Sanjeev Bhattacharyya, Vishal Sharma, Richard P Steeds, Thomas Mathew, and the British Society of Echocardiography Education Committee

qualitative assessment of right atrial pressure (RAP). Previous studies have demonstrated good correlation across patient populations but only moderate precision of absolute PASP values calculated from TR velocity (TRV)max ( 11 , 12 , 13 , 14 ). This is

Open access

Daniel X Augustine, Lindsay D Coates-Bradshaw, James Willis, Allan Harkness, Liam Ring, Julia Grapsa, Gerry Coghlan, Nikki Kaye, David Oxborough, Shaun Robinson, Julie Sandoval, Bushra S Rana, Anjana Siva, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, Luke S Howard, Kevin Fox, Sanjeev Bhattacharyya, Vishal Sharma, Richard P Steeds, Thomas Mathew, and the British Society of Echocardiography Education Committee

absolute measurement of TRV can result in significant changes to the estimation of the RV-RA pressure gradient. Secondly, in order to obtain an estimate of pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP), an estimate of the right atrial pressure (RAP) (derived

Open access

Mohammed Andaleeb Chowdhury, Jered M Cook, George V Moukarbel, Sana Ashtiani, Thomas A Schwann, Mark R Bonnell, Christopher J Cooper, and Samer J Khouri

wall at the tricuspid annulus ( Fig. 2D ) and RVMPI was obtained by using the formula tricuspid valve closure opening time − ejection time/ejection time. RV diastolic dysfunction was suggested by TV E/A >2.1, elevated right atrial pressures were

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Daniel Hammersley, Aamir Shamsi, Mohammad Murtaza Zaman, Philip Berry, and Lydia Sturridge

right, is a common phenomenon, present in 25% of the population. It is usually benign and not associated with a significant shunt as left atrial pressure is higher than right atrial pressure in the physiologically normal heart ( 6 ). In the case

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Garvan C Kane, Arun Sachdev, Hector R Villarraga, Naser M Ammash, Jae K Oh, Michael D McGoon, Patricia A Pellikka, and Robert B McCully

estimated by Doppler echocardiography by calculating the systolic right ventricular to right atrial pressure gradient using the modified Bernoulli equation (4 times the square of the peak tricuspid regurgitant velocity) and adding the right atrial pressure

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James Offer, Lawrence Green, Andrew R Houghton, and Jim Campbell

manoeuvre/cough is also recommended during saline contrast echocardiography. The use of a provocation manoeuvre induces a transient rise in right atrial pressure and can help unmask intra-cardiac shunts (2) , (9) . When performing a valsalva manoeuvre, a

Open access

Andreas Zafiropoulos, Kaleab Asrress, Simon Redwood, Stuart Gillon, and David Walker

estimation of right atrial pressure from the inspiratory collapse of the inferior vena cava . American Journal of Cardiology 66 493 – 496 . doi:10.1016/0002-9149(90)90711-9 10.1016/0002-9149(90)90711-9 8 Lyon M Blaivas M & Branman M 2005

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Ashley Miller and Justin Mandeville

systemic pressure, RAP refers to right atrial pressure and SVR refers to systemic vascular resistance. MSP is regulated to a great extent by the effect of sympathetic nervous system on the splanchnic venous system. This contains 20% of the total blood

Open access

V S Ellensen, S Saeed, T Geisner, and R Haaverstad

at the RV free wall may be reduced in right ventricular dysfunction. Conventionally, systolic pulmonary artery pressure is derived from the recording of peak tricuspid regurgitant jet and the tricuspid systolic gradient, adding the right atrial