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Hannah Bellsham-Revell and Navroz Masani

Introduction Echocardiography has an essential role in the assessment of cardiac morphology in children and adults with suspected or confirmed congenital heart disease. Whilst knowledge and understanding of cardiac morphology is a fundamental

Open access

Ines Sherifi, Alaa Mabrouk Salem Omar, Mithun Varghese, Menachem Weiner, Ani Anyanwu, Jason C Kovacic, Samin Sharma, Annapoorna Kini, and Partho P Sengupta

periprocedural transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in patients undergoing TAVR is valuable for confirming annular size, guiding procedural steps and for early and precise determination of hemodynamic outcomes and periprocedural complications ( 5 ). In contrast

Open access

Wenjuan Bai, Hui Li, Hong Tang, Qing Zhang, Ye Zhu, and Li Rao

-dimensional (2D) speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) can track tissue motion in any direction in a 2D imaging plane. The STE-derived annulus excursion quantification software has been used to assess mitral annulus displacement and its feasibility has been

Open access

Xiu-Xia Luo, Fang Fang, Hung-Kwan So, Chao Liu, Man-Ching Yam, and Alex Pui-Wai Lee

Introduction Precise and fast as well as reproducible measurements of left atrial (LA) and left ventricular (LV) volumes and systolic function are the most common and important tasks of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), which is clinical

Open access

Theodoros Ntoskas, Farhanda Ahmad, and Paul Woodmansey

Introduction Stress echocardiography (SE) is a well-established, reliable and safe method for assessment of ischaemic heart disease ( 1 ). Furthermore, SE is utilised in patients with valvular heart disease or cardiomyopathies and is also used

Open access

Sahrai Saeed, Eva Gerdts, Ulrike Waje-Andreassen, Juha Sinisalo, and Jukka Putaala

direct and indirect causes of cryptogenic stroke and subsequently offer these patients a more personalized therapeutic management. In the present paper, we present a step-by-step transthoracic (TTE) and transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) performance

Open access

Gill Wharton, Richard Steeds, Jane Allen, Hollie Phillips, Richard Jones, Prathap Kanagala, Guy Lloyd, Navroz Masani, Thomas Mathew, David Oxborough, Bushra Rana, Julie Sandoval, Richard Wheeler, Kevin O'Gallagher, and Vishal Sharma

in patients at the same or different sites. To facilitate the transition to digital echocardiography acquisition and reporting systems that use database (software) architecture. 1.2. There is broad agreement regarding the standard views and recordings

Open access

Patrick H Gibson, Fernando Riesgo, Jonathan B Choy, Daniel H Kim, and Harald Becher

Introduction Dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is commonly performed during follow-up after cardiac transplantation as part of surveillance for the diagnosis of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV). Previous studies have demonstrated the

Open access

Richard Wheeler, Richard Steeds, Bushra Rana, Gill Wharton, Nicola Smith, Jane Allen, John Chambers, Richard Jones, Guy Lloyd, Kevin O'Gallagher, and Vishal Sharma

1. Introduction This document aims to provide a framework for performing an adult transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) in a variety of clinical settings such as cardiology outpatients, cardiac theatre, and intensive care. The layout is not only a

Open access

Real Lebeau, Karim Serri, Maria Di Lorenzo, Claude Sauvé, Van Hoai Viet Le, Vicky Soulières, Malak El-Rayes, Maude Pagé, Chimène Zaïani, Jérôme Garot, and Frédéric Poulin

Introduction Two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is a useful non-invasive method for estimating left ventricular (LV) volumes and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). The recommended Simpson biplane method of disks has