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Stephan Stoebe, Katharina Lange, Dietrich Pfeiffer, and Andreas Hagendorff

Introduction Echocardiography is the most important and most commonly used noninvasive imaging modality in patients with coronary artery disease. However, suspected stenoses of the coronary arteries are routinely detected owing to ischemia

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Jalal Asadi, Sanjay S Bhandari, and Nauman Ahmed

cardiac enzymes (troponin and creatinine kinase) ( 4 ). Echocardiography allows general morphological and functional assessment of the heart and can be used to assess myocardial contraction, ejection fraction and to exclude other valvular lesions; however

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Jamal N Khan, Timothy Griffiths, Tamseel Fatima, Leah Michael, Andreea Mihai, Zeeshan Mustafa, Kully Sandhu, Robert Butler, Simon Duckett, and Grant Heatlie

Introduction The expanding responsibilities and skillset of the Highly Specialised Cardiac Echocardiography Physiologist include performance and analysis of exercise and dobutamine stress echocardiography studies ( 1 , 2 ). Physiologist

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Hannah R Bellsham-Revell, Antigoni Deri, Silvia Caroli, Andrew Durward, Owen I Miller, Sujeev Mathur, Jelena Saundankar, David R Anderson, B Conal Austin, Caner Salih, Kuberan Pushparajah, and John M Simpson

better to apply such a scoring system intraoperatively to inform adequacy of surgery at a time when the surgeon can immediately revise the repair. We report our initial experience of introducing the TPS during intraoperative echocardiography at a

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Allan Harkness, Liam Ring, Daniel X Augustine, David Oxborough, Shaun Robinson, Vishal Sharma, and the Education Committee of the British Society of Echocardiography

recommending measuring (and reporting) the LVEF as accurately as possible. The American Society of Echocardiography and European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging have also remained consistent in their definition of severe LVEF as <30% in their 2015

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Rienzi Díaz-Navarro and Petros Nihoyannopoulos

patients with a cardiac Ps will display symptoms of heart failure, dyspnea or chest pain; however, 10% of such patients can be asymptomatic ( 2 ). Two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2DTTE) is a suitable initial method for diagnosing Ps of the

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Stephan Stoebe, Dietrich Pfeiffer, and Andreas Hagendorff

Introduction The visualisation of specific parts of coronary artery branches with 2D echocardiography is generally possible, but not very common in the clinical scenario. The left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) is located in the anterior

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Thomas Sturmberger, Johannes Niel, Josef Aichinger, and Christian Ebner

patient was referred to our hospital for coronary angiography. Investigation In our institution, a comprehensive transthoracic echo­cardiography was performed, showing normal regional wall motion with preserved left ventricle ejection fraction

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Jet van Zalen, Nikhil R Patel, Steven J Podd, Prashanth Raju, Rob McIntosh, Gary Brickley, Louisa Beale, Lydia P Sturridge, and Guy W L Lloyd

with compatible findings on a resting echocardiogram (2) . Patients with systolic dysfunction respond to a range of physical and medical therapies, but nonetheless have a poor prognosis (3) . Resting echocardiography and particularly left ventricular

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John M Simpson and Annemien van den Bosch

Introduction Three-dimensional echocardiography (3DE) has become a complementary echocardiographic modality in the management of patients with congenital heart disease. 3DE is used frequently in children, but also its role in the long