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Adrian Chenzbraun

Introduction Introduced in the 1970s (1) , stress echocardiography (SE) is presently a main diagnostic functional test for individuals with known or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) (2) , (3) . It is defined as the conjoint use of 2D

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Arturo Evangelista, Giuliana Maldonado, Domenico Gruosso, Laura Gutiérrez, Chiara Granato, Nicolas Villalva, Laura Galian, Teresa González-Alujas, Gisela Teixido, and Jose Rodríguez-Palomares

aorta visualisation and most of the AAS complications. However, the use of transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) are often required to obtain crucial information. Role of TTE and TEE in the diagnosis of

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R Gray, F Baldwin, and S Bruemmer-Smith

Background Echocardiography can help decision-making in critically unwell patients with haemodynamic instability. Basic echo training for intensive care registrars is a valuable screening tool, which can be used quickly and effectively in the

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Antigoni Deri and Kate English

often detected antenatally or early in life, but diagnosis may be delayed until adulthood. Echocardiography is the perfect imaging tool for congenital heart defects; it is non-invasive, easily reproducible, relatively cheap and quick and gives excellent

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Anna Kydd, Afzal Sohaib, Rizwan Sarwar, David Holdsworth, and Bushra Rana

Introduction Last year, the GMC and British Junior Cardiologists' Association (BJCA) national surveys ( 1 , 2 , 3 ) highlighted major failings in training in echocardiography. Concerned by this, the Specialist Advisory Committee (SAC) approached

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Sitara G Khan, Dimitris Klettas, Stam Kapetanakis, and Mark J Monaghan

trials show poor technique agreement and reproducibility ( 7 , 8 ). Over the last 15 years, speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) has emerged as a method for assessing global and regional LV systolic function through the measurement of myocardial

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Lijun Qian, Feng Xie, Di Xu, and Thomas R Porter

with myocardial contrast echocardiography (MCE) to improve the sensitivity of 2D echocardiography for detecting symptomatic coronary artery disease (CAD) in both the ED as well as outpatient referral setting ( 6 , 7 , 8 , 9 , 10 , 11 , 12 , 13

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Cameron Dockerill, William Woodward, Annabelle McCourt, Cristiana Monteiro, Elena Benedetto, Maria Paton, David Oxborough, Shaun Robinson, Keith Pearce, Mark J Monaghan, Daniel X Augustine, and Paul Leeson

patient’s contact with the healthcare professionals and to reduce risk of transmission via aerosol generating procedures ( 5 , 6 , 7 , 8 ). Stress echocardiography is one of the most widely used tests to assess cardiac function and to determine whether

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Cátia Costa, Teresa González-Alujas, Filipa Valente, Carlos Aranda, José Rodríguez-Palomares, Laura Gutierrez, Giuliana Maldonado, Laura Galian, Gisela Teixidó, and Artur Evangelista

’Hebron, Barcelona, were retrospectively evaluated. Transthoracic (TTE) and transoesophageal echocardiography (TEE) studies were conducted before cardioversion in all patients. Exclusion criteria were presence of organic valvular disease ( n =15), prosthetic valves

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Stephan Stoebe, Katharina Lange, Dietrich Pfeiffer, and Andreas Hagendorff

Introduction Echocardiography is the most important and most commonly used noninvasive imaging modality in patients with coronary artery disease. However, suspected stenoses of the coronary arteries are routinely detected owing to ischemia