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Carolyn M Larsen and Sharon L Mulvagh

with known cardiac risk require close monitoring during and after treatment. Echocardiography plays an essential role in the early detection of many of these cardiac complications. The objectives of this review are to define the mechanisms of

Open access

Neil David Hauser and Justiaan Swanevelder

Introduction Transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) has become an integral tool in both diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, providing real-time images of the heart via the oesophagus ( 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ). TOE provides unobstructed views of

Open access

I J Ingimarsdóttir, L Hellgren Johansson, and F A Flachskampf

echocardiography (TTE), gated computer tomography (CT) or transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Figure 1 Sizing instrument (Edwards Lifesciences aortic sizers tray for Perimount Magna Ease valves by Carpentier-Edwards) used for choice of prosthesis during

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Ruchika Meel, Bijoy K Khandheria, Ferande Peters, Elena Libhaber, Samantha Nel, and Mohammed R Essop

-appropriate values of LA size and function in black Africans using volumetric measurements and speckle-tracking-derived longitudinal strain. Methods Study population From January 2014 to June 2015, 190 normal subjects were screened at the echocardiography

Open access

Rakhee Hindocha, David Garry, Nadia Short, Tom E Ingram, Richard P Steeds, Claire L Colebourn, Keith Pearce, Vishal Sharma, and the Accreditation and Education Committees of the British Society of Echocardiography

Introduction The British Society of Echocardiography (BSE) has previously outlined a minimum dataset for a standard (Level 2) transthoracic echocardiogram ( 1 ), and this remains the basis on which a complete echocardiographic study should be

Open access

Allan Harkness, Liam Ring, Daniel X Augustine, David Oxborough, Shaun Robinson, Vishal Sharma, and the Education Committee of the British Society of Echocardiography

Introduction The British Society of Echocardiography (BSE) has previously provided reference values and guidelines for chamber quantification through the provision of posters, pocket guides and the EchoCalc app ( 1 , 2 ). These were based on

Open access

Mohammad Qasem, Victor Utomi, Keith George, John Somauroo, Abbas Zaidi, Lynsey Forsythe, Sanjeev Bhattacharrya, Guy Lloyd, Bushra Rana, Liam Ring, Shaun Robinson, Roxy Senior, Nabeel Sheikh, Mushemi Sitali, Julie Sandoval, Richard Steeds, Martin Stout, James Willis, and David Oxborough

, 9 ). The structural and functional assessment of the RV, using transthoracic echocardiography, is central to ARVC diagnosis in the original and updated task force criteria. Although the recent task force revision has improved specificity of diagnosis

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Richard P Steeds, Richard Wheeler, Sanjeev Bhattacharyya, Joseph Reiken, Petros Nihoyannopoulos, Roxy Senior, Mark J Monaghan, and Vishal Sharma

Introduction Stress echocardiography (SE) is a well-established non-invasive technique that is most often used in the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD). A recent survey by Bhattacharyya et al . highlights important themes that

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Rekha Mankad and Joerg Herrmann

Introduction Cardiac masses have captured the attention since the beginning of echocardiography. A key reason lies in the fact that the overall prevalence of primary cardiac tumors is exceedingly rare, less than 0.1% in large autopsy series

Open access

Isaac Adembesa, Adriaan Myburgh, and Justiaan Swanevelder

surgery, the use of intraoperative transoesophageal echocardiography (TOE) is key in confirmation of valvular heart pathology and as a monitoring tool during surgery. There is paucity of data on quadruple valve replacement. Case presentation A 32