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Annari van Rensburg, Philip Herbst, and Anton Doubell

Echocardiography guidelines ( 17 , 18 ) was then performed. Cases were then evaluated for obvious congenital abnormalities of the mitral valve. Abnormalities were classified, according to the part of the mitral valve complex involved, into leaflet abnormalities

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Daniel P Walsh, Kadhiresan R Murugappan, Achikam Oren-Grinberg, Vanessa T Wong, John D Mitchell, and Robina Matyal

Introduction As the use of echocardiography expands in perioperative and critical care settings, achievement of proficiency in this technology is becoming a standard of care in multiple clinical settings ( https://www.acgme.org/Portals/0/PDFs

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Petros Nihoyannopoulos

The year 2013 marked the 60th anniversary of Inge Edler and Hellmuth Hertz's discovery of echocardiography and the 160th anniversary of the death of Christian Andreas Doppler (1803–1853). The work of these pioneers marked modern cardiology not only

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Nicola Gaibazzi, Filippo Pigazzani, Claudio Reverberi, and Thomas R Porter

ventricle (LV) function at rest, which may go undetected by visual assessment but not when two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) is used for quantification of LV function ( 2 , 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 ). This would be especially true in

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Peter W Wood, Patrick H Gibson, and Harald Becher

Introduction Recent advances in three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography have facilitated assessment of left ventricular (LV) volumes and ejection fraction (1) . However, delineation of the entire LV endocardium is necessary in order to obtain

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A J Fletcher, S Robinson, and B S Rana

, unsuitable for regular serial assessment. Thus, accurate non-invasive alternatives to determining RAP are advantageous both clinically and for patient safety/experience; transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) offers one such method. Estimation of RAP is

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Charlotte Atkinson, Jonathan Hinton, Edmund B Gaisie, Arthur M Yue, Paul R Roberts, Dhrubo J Rakhit, and Benoy N Shah

of thromboembolic risk in patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing transesophageal echocardiography before pulmonary vein isolation . Journal of the American College of Cardiology 54 2032 – 2039 . ( doi:10.1016/j.jacc.2009.07.037 ) 10

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Nigel Dewey, Andrew R Houghton, and Jeffrey Khoo

A 78-year-old man presented with chest pain, left bundle branch block and raised troponin levels. Echocardiography demonstrated a 63 mm vein graft aneurysm with mural thrombus ( Fig. 1 A, B and C; Videos 1 , 2 , 3 and 4 ), and a dilated

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Miriam Shanks, Lucas Valtuille, Jonathan B Choy, and Harald Becher

dilatation and depressed intra-atrial conduction determine the total time required for atrial electrical activation (8) . Various Doppler echocardiography-derived parameters have been described that estimate atrial conduction time as a marker of electrical

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V D Mathiasen, C A Frederiksen, C Wejse, and S H Poulsen

resolved completely at the end of treatment ( Fig. 1 ). The initial transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) revealed left-sided pleural fluid accumulation, a modest pericardial effusion and no suggestion of constrictive physiology. Figure 1 Upper panel